Vitamin C Foundation

Vitamin C and Heart Disease

"I think we can get almost complete control of cardiovascular disease, heart attacks and strokes by the proper use of vitamin C and lysine ... even cure it. " - From Linus Pauling's Last Interview

Chronic Scurvy

Heart disease, the number one cause of death in America, is a vitamin C deficiency disease!

More than 20 years ago, Linus Pauling and Matthias Rath alerted the world that the specific cause of heart disease is a chronic, sub-clinical vitamin C deficiency. Their elegant unified theory explains why high doses of vitamin C and lysine (aka the Pauling therapy) has been effective preventing and treating heart and cardiovascular disease.

Vitamin C Foundation Surprisingly, this Pauling/Rath unified theory, and the totally effective therapy, has not been clinically investigated by modern medicine, No medical doctors have any training in the materials covered below, and few even know of its existence. However, the amazing testimony keeps on coming.

Complete Control of Cardiovascular Disease is Possible without Medical Intervention

March 24, 2006

Hi Owen

You may want to know that I put my uncle on the Heart Technology (vitamin C/lysine) formula a mere 10 days ago and his cardiologist did an EKG and called him up, excitedly, telling him that it looked as if he had never even had a heart attack (He has had 3!!!).

His doctor told him to continue doing whatever it was he was doing. Needless to say, we are all very excited to hear that!!!


Jim S.

Testimonials represent a cross section of the range of results that appear to be typical with these products. Results may vary depending upon use and commitment.

Pauling's Specific Vitamin C and Lysine Recommendations (aka the Pauling Therapy)

"I recommend that every person who is at risk of heart disease should take 5 or 6 g of vitamin C and at least 2 g of lysine, although larger amounts may be necessary." - Linus Pauling

Foundation Co-founder Owen Fonorow on the Pauling-Therapy™

Fonorow Book: Pauling Therapy for Heart Disease

Vitamin C Foundation "After repeating the story doctors and patients alike for many years, I decided to put this amazing information into book form. There is a cure for heart disease, and it works in a matter of days. It boggles the mind that this therapy has never been studied by modern medicine, or at least published, probably because no one needs a doctor to use it." - Owen Fonorow

Paper: Chronic Scurvy By Owen Fonorow (The Nexus Magazine Article)

Paper: The Cure for Heart Disease (Condensed) By Owen Fonorow

Paper: CoQ10 and Statins: The Vitamin C Connection...

Owen's First Nationwide Radio Interview: Vitamin C and Heart Disease, 2003 Foundation's cofounder two hour interview on Americans Freedom Radio Network (May 2003)

Owen's Rense Radio Interview, May 22, 2008

Owen's Second Rense Radio Interview

There is a Problem: Stopping . . .

In our now almost 20 year experience, we have noticed that heart disease recurs after the protocol is stopped.

Former, severely ill, heart patients feel completely cured and many stopped taking their high doses of vitamin C. One of the reasons for writing the Pauling-therapy handbook was to document that stopping the Pauling therapy (high dose vitamin C and lysine), because the person feels well, invariably returns the person to the condition they were in before they began the therapy.

In our experience, the decline occurs consistently after about six months stopping the high vitamin C/lysine therapy.

The high dosage therapy can probably be lessened over time, but we don't know by how much. (No one is studying Pauling's therapy.) Our experience makes it clear that Pauling was right when he said that vitamin C should not be stopped, even for a single day , and continuing high dosages is cheap "insurance."

Vitamin C Foundation The recurrence problem should not be an issue for people taking these supplements for prevention and were feeling well to begin with and stop.

Impressive Results


Interest in the Pauling therapy grows due to the increasing number of favorable accounts of CVD reversals.

Aug 2011

Dear Owen Fonorow,

I want to thank you for saving my life!

It was articles written by you that were published in the "Townsend Letters" ten years ago, when you described the Linus Pauling protocols regarding cardio-vascular disease. In 2002, I began following Dr. Pauling's recommendations and continue until today with the results recorded in the attached medical records.

I feel indebted to you, Dr. Fonorow, for providing me with information that has enabled me to live the last ten years of my life in excellent health. Thank you for keeping Linus Pauling's legacy alive.

If the information contained in the enclosed (13 year & experience with Lp(a)) can be of benefit to your cause, you have my permission to use said information, in any manner, shape, or form, with no strings attached.

Thank you sincerely,

Dave G. Cramer
(a humble 84 year old follower & believer)

Testimonials represent a cross section of the range of results that appear to be typical with these products. Results may vary depending upon use and commitment.

The first reports came from Linus Pauling himself (circa 1989). These were published and are presented as part of the Linus Pauling video on Heart Disease: A Unified Theory of Cause and Cure. During this video, Linus Pauling himself depicts the first use of his invention, the seemingly miraculous reversals of incapacitated CVD patients.

The Pauling video lecture contains additional information for health professionals and may be obtained on-line, or by telephoning 800-894-9025, or 1-630-983-6707 outside the USA.

Several Lp(a) Binding Inhibitor formulas as dietary supplements are now available without prescription.

Many of the following detailed first-hand testimonials may be found at Owen's Book web site

Still more testimony is posted at

The Pauling Story Behind the Cure for Heart Disease

Two and one half years ago, (1991) I was in a meeting of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. I was in the hallway of the academy building and another member of the academy came up to me.

He said, Dr. Pauling, " I have heart disease. My brother, my father both died of heart attacks. I am a biochemist but I was retired from the National Institutes of Health several years ago for disability because of my heart. I have had 3 by-pass operations, and I can't have any more by-pass operations. I like to walk, but I have trouble. After I have walked a little way I develop angina pectoris pain in my heart. If I take a nitroglycerin tablet, I can walk a little farther, and then I may have to take another nitroglycerin tablet."

He went on to say," I have been taking vitamin C, 5 grams a day for several years because of your recommendation. Is there something else that I could do that would permit me to walk?"

I said, "I could make a suggestion, it has never been tried before. Take Lysine. "

Well I didn't need to tell him what Lysine was, that it's an essential amino acid and you have to get around a gram a day to be in good health, and you get it in your foods, because he is one of the most distinguished biochemists in the United States, recipient of the National Medal of Science in the United States. So he said, how much shall I take? I thought, what do I know. I know that people get a gram or two in their food depending upon how much meat and fish they eat, that it's essential they have to get around one gram. It hasn't any known toxicity in animals or human beings.

I said 5 grams, 5 grams a day. He thanked me.

A couple of months later he telephoned me and said its almost miraculous. I started taking a gram a day and 2 grams and so on. Within a month after I had reached 5 grams a day of Lysine in addition to my 5 grams of vitamin C, I could walk 2 miles without any nitroglycerin tablets or without any pain in the chest. He said he had cut down the amount of heart medicine he was taking in half. "It's almost miraculous," he said.

Another couple of months went by and he telephoned me and said that, "I was feeling so good the other day that I cut down a big tree in our yard, and was chopping it up for wood, and I was also painting the house, and I got chest pains", despite his 5 grams of lysine, so he said that he "went up to 6 grams of lysine and 6 grams of vitamin C and told me now "I am continuing chopping down, chopping up the tree and painting the house". And now a couple of years later he is still in fine health. -- Linus Pauling [1993 Linus Pauling Video on Heart Disease]

Berkley Bedell, 90-year-old former Congressman Recovers "on death bed" on the Linus Pauling's Therapy for Heart Disease.

Vitamin C Foundation Former congressman Berkley Bedell is Chairman of the Foundation for Alternative and Integrative Medicine ( While in congress, he was a co-sponsor of the Office of Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of health. He is and has been a great friend of alternative medicine. We heard about his illness earlier this year (reportedly he was near death from heart disease.) We then sent him a "care package" of our Cardio-C and literature. Today, we were happy to receive this cautiously optimistic letter from him! (Aug 20, 2012)

Bedell's Cautiously Optimistic Letter to Owen

NIH Denies Grant to Study Pauling's Therapy (twice)

NIH Refuses to Study Pauling/Rath Therapy

The Pauling therapy is simple. Take high doses of two nutrients that are required for life. Doing so can prevent and even cure many forms of cardiovascular and heart disease - in days or weeks. The question becomes how much should one take?

We, under the auspices of the Vitamin C Foundation, submitted two study proposals to the United States National Institutes of Health, (NIH) Office of Alternative Medicine. We were inexperienced in submitting such proposals, but the NIH was free to solicit its own studies. Either proposal would have fairly evaluated the Pauling therapy on heart disease.

These submissions (and subsequent rejections) are a matter of public record.

Probably the main reason that this important discovery has been ignored is economic: Think of more than half the hospitals in your region closing.

Comparing the "Lipid Theory" with the "Unified Theory"

One Pharmacist's View of Coronary Heart Disease.
Vitamin C Foundation "Let's start by thinking about "sludge" in a plumbing system. Sludge tends to plug up the smallest pipes in the system first - not the largest.

Likewise, if the system is cardiovascular, you would expect sludge (plaques) to build up first in the capillaries and arterioles, long before appearing in the carotid and coronary arteries. The first blockages, similarly, you would expect to occur way downstream of the pump, not in close proximity to the heart, where the pressure is the greatest.

Yet, this is not the way cholesterol plugs up arteries. It's the exact reverse. So a plumber's take would be that something else is happening."



"Current clinical evidence does not demonstrate that titrating lipid therapy to achieve proposed low LDL cholesterol levels is beneficial or safe."- Annals of Internal Medicine

Thomas Levy: Cardiologist Agrees: Heart Disease is a Vitamin C Deficiency

Dr. Thomas Levy's important book STOP AMERICA'S #1 KILLER is available.
Vitamin C Foundation Dr. Levy is medical doctor and a cardiologist by training. Some time ago, Dr. Levy analyzed all 27 known cardiovascular disease risk factors. Levy discovered that they all can be reduced to a single factor - low vitamin C.

The important Levy book surveys the massive scientific evidence connecting dietary vitamin C deficiency with the cause of the circulatory condition commonly called heart disease. The disease condition is characterized by atherosclerotic plaque build-ups in arteries leading to angina, heart attack and stroke.

Owen's Review of the New Levy Book

Daniel Cobb: Reversing Heart Disease with a Vitamin

Dr. Daniel Cobb is a physician who is familiar with the protocol and uses it in his practice. Article reprinted with permission from

Vitamin C Foundation In my clinic, we have a saying, "Heart disease is easier to treat than low-back pain." This treatment, when done correctly, works wonders. Out of all my heart disease patients, I have had only one who did not improve significantly, and that one patient did not use the recommended type of vitamin C. Another patient last year completely reversed her heart disease in 2 months."

David Leake: 17-year Heart Patient Writes a Book

Without discovering your website, I might not be here today! "Thanks" seems hardly adequate.

Best Wishes,
David Leake
Vitamin C Foundation Note: Mr Leake has documented his long battle with heart disease, culminating in his doctors declaring him free of disease, in a new book about his personal experience: A (Patented) Heart Disease Cure That Works! .

Here is David on youtube describing how he ended his 17 year nightmare A Patented Heart Disease Cure That Works.

And here is Mr Leake's proof: His online medical records:

We haven't heard from David for a while and we hope he is still with us...

Harvard: Vitamin C Transforms Stem Cells into Heart Muscle Cells


Richard T. Lee, M.D., senior author of the study, says: "We have been taught for decades that when your heart cells are dead, they are dead and there is nothing we can do about it. We are excited about anything suggesting that we can grow more heart cells."

Lee and his colleagues tested 880 bioactive substances — including drugs and vitamins — approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to see if they stimulated the mouse stem cells to become heart muscle cells. The cells were genetically altered to give off a fluorescent bright green color when viewed under a microscope if they had become heart muscle cells.

"We only got 1 out of the 880 to light up, and that was from ascorbic acid, the chemical commonly known as vitamin C," says Lee, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and a lecturer in biological engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass.

Harvard: Single Vitamin C Pill Might Save 300,000 Lives Annually

16-Year Harvard Study Finds Single Vitamin C Pill Might Save 300,000 Lives Annually...
Vitamin C Foundation "The study published July 16, 2003 in CARDIOLOGY tracked more than 85,000 nurses over 16 years found that those taking vitamin C supplements (360 mg) had almost 30 percent lower risk of getting heart disease. The number of deaths from heart disease every year is estimated at 950,000.

Interestingly, dietary intake of vitamin C seemed to have little effect on coronary heart disease risk. But if women used vitamin C supplements, their risk was reduced by 27 percent. "

Pauling's Therapy For Gorillas in Captivity

Heart Disease in Gorillas

How Pauling's Vitamin C Therapy May Save the Gorillas
The fact that gorillas in captivity are suffering heart disease in greater number is evidence that something has changed about the gorilla conditions in zoos. It is unlikely that zookeepers would deliberately mistreat these animals, but they may be getting bad advice. Dietitians trained in the old-fashioned nutrition are giving bad advice to humans about vitamin C. Our cursory review of the zoological literature has provided an indication that so-called nutrition experts have argued that less vitamin C is required in certain primates than the amounts these animals would obtain in the wild. Some authorities have even advised that more vitamin C might possibly be harmful. This advice, related to iron intake, is bad advice. The iron source in the diet should be reduced, not the dietary intake of vitamin C.

If captive gorillas are receiving the same amount of vitamin C that zookeepers have long considered adequate, perhaps some new variable is present. The nonprofit Vitamin C Foundation is aware of several factors that reduce the bioavailability of vitamin C in humans, and it is safe to assume that these factors are at work in our genetic cousins. Either the animal food is not fresh (meaning the highly reactive vitamin is lost); the diet has been changed to include more processed foods (which would adversely affect cell membranes and thus vitamin C uptake to cells); or the process of "evolution" in zoos is allowing more gorillas that would otherwise have died in the wild to survive and have offspring.

Eyes: A Window to the Heart...

Eyes: A Window to the Heart...
Vitamin C Foundation Dr. Sydney Bush, a noted British optometrist, is the founder of CardioRetinometry, a new medical field that analyzes the future health of the heart. "We are looking into life's secrets," Bush said, "When we look inside the eye - to call it a crystal ball of your future is an understatement." In addition, Bush found that vitamin C can improve that future. With Cardioretinometry, doctors can actually track how much vitamin C diminishes the amount of cholesterol in the blood vessels."

Vitamin C and Heart Disease Research

Inexplicably, the mainstream has yet to investigate the Pauling therapy, but there has been research on lower dosages of vitamin C (without lysine).

"I don't know that there is a need for a randomized prospective, double blind controlled trial when you get evidence of this sort, the value of large intakes of vitamin C and also of lysine for preventing the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques, and preventing death from cardiovascular disease." - Linus Pauling, 1993 Video: A Unified Theory

Other Stories

Vitamin C is Nature's Perfect Statin

Report: Vitamins C and Unique E Erase EKG Evidence of Heart Attacks...

"These EKGs don't look like they are from the same person" (Robert Waters, MD, after examining Carl Smith's 1997 and 2003 EKG printouts.)

Vitamin C and Heart Disease SYNOPSIS (pdf)...

The Twilight Zone... (sometimes it feels that way.)

American Heart Association Drops the Ball


Vitamin C Foundation The proper advice is for the AHA to RECOMMEND supplements for everyone, at least until vitamin C has been proven NOT to work. Vitamin C is safe and non toxic, may be extremely beneficial to heart patients and provides low cost insurance. - Owen Fonorow
Recent science ignored by the AHA:

    Interestingly, dietary intake of vitamin C seemed to have little effect on coronary heart disease risk. But if women used vitamin C supplements, their risk was reduced by 27 percent. According to the numbers in [this story]bad link A single 360 mg vitamin C pill daily would save more than 300,000 lives per year.
    FINDINGS: Strong inverse relationship for blood ascorbate (vitamin-C) concentrations with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, which were only marginally reduced after adjustment for confounders or supplement use. Those in the lowest fifth (< 17 micromol/L) had the highest mortality, whereas those in the highest fifth (> 66 micromol/L) had a mortality risk nearly half that (hazard ratio = 0.54; 95% CI: 0.34, 0.84). Similar results were found after the exclusion of those subjects with cardiovascular disease or cancer at baseline (hazard ratio = 0.51; 0.28, 0.93). In fully adjusted models, there was no evidence for an influence of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin-E), beta-carotene, or retinol (vitamin-A) on total mortality. Dietary antioxidants measured by the food-frequency questionnaire were not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular disease mortality"
  4. 2003: New Dutch finds people with the lowest amount of vitamin C in their diets were 30 percent more likely to have a stroke than people with the highest amount of it. This confirms a 2002 study with similar findings.bad link
    You will have to read this study. BOTH study groups received vitamin C (and magnesium) and both study groups experienced a 60-second statistically significant treadmill exercise improvement. [Chelation Therapy for Ischemic Heart Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Knudtson, et. al. JAMA, Jan 23/30, 2002 - Vol 287, No 4. Pp 481-486]
  10. 1996 (Submitted, but rejected): SUPPLEMENTS HALT ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    Nutritional Supplement Program Halts Progression of Early Coronary Atherosclerosis Documented by Ultrafast Computed Tomography
    In all these time intervals, ascorbic acid was found significantly to depress cholesterolemia and its effects persisted 6 weeks after termination of the experiment.

Deadly Drugs: Cholesterol-Lowering Statins


Vitamin C Foundation's Statin Drug Alert Page

Statins, Calcium a Deadly Mix ...

"A three-year follow-up on a study of people taking cholesterol-lowering statins, who had a heart attack, revealed that they had a significant amount of calcium in their coronary arteries... Now even the traditional doctors are questioning the benefits of taking statins."

Warning! Your cholesterol-lowering drug may be destroying your health!bad link

The Dangers of Statin Drugs: What You Haven't Been Told About Cholesterol-Lowering Medication

Part I.
Part II.


Statin cholesterol-lowering drugs weaken muscle, leading to heart failure, and at high enough dosage without antioxidant support, to heart transplant. These drugs are the wrong prescription for anyone, much less heart patients. - Owen Fonorow

STATIN DRUG DANGERS... Note: Vitamin C overcomes these dangers

CoQ10 and Statins: The Vitamin C Connectionbad link

"We are now in a position to witness the unfolding of the greatest medical tragedy of all time - never before in history has the medical establishment knowingly created a life threatening nutrient deficiency in millions of otherwise healthy people." - Peter H. Langsjoen, MD

An Epidemic of Congestive Heart Failure ...

Heart Failure Epidemic...

The Danger Has Been Known For About 13 Years...

NSAIDs Cause 1 in 5 Heart Failures ...

Vitamin C and Vascular Disease ...

COLOSSAL Medical Blunder?

Nature's Perfect Statin® — Vitamin C Lowers Cholesterol Naturally

The Original HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

Given no hope... "The Vascular surgeon is staggered... The artery is now clear." - Sep 2005

Hello Owen,

You maybe interested in the following information.

I have now been taking Pauling's therapy [Vitamin C/Lysine] for a period of two years. The amount taken has been 3000mg ea. in total each day, split morning & evening. I may have missed on a couple of occasions. These quantities are listed as a preventive dose. Prior to taking Linus Pauling's therapy my condition was as follows.

  • I was admitted to Hospital with a stroke 24/004/03.
  • The only damage I suffered was loss of eyesight in the left eye.
  • Following my discharge from hospital I was subjected to a Carotid angiogram which proved unsuccessful due to the plague within the arteries. The left artery was down to a trickle with atherosclerosis spreading deeper into my cranium. My right artery was also infected with atherosclerosis.
  • At this stage I decided on a second opinion. The results were the same. I was virtually told that it was only a matter of time.
  • At this point of the saga I decided I would navigate my own destiny. "Enter [The Pauling Vitamin c/lysine therapy]"[]
  • The only one request to my vascular surgeon would they monitor by scan the effect. This they agreed.
  • I have been scanned every six months.
  • Eighteen months has passed and no comment has been made by the Vascular surgeon.

In June 22/6/05 I had my last scan. The result is the left Carotid artery according to the Vascular surgeon has closed down. The atherosclerosis beyond the blockage, which was entering deeper into my cranium has disappeared, in other words, the artery is clear. My right artery is also clear.

The Vascular surgeon is staggered.

Maybe had I gone onto the therapeutic quantities, my left artery may have cleared the plaque blocking it?

However this is very good news. My next scan is in December so I am hoping for just as good news. Will keep you posted on the next scan.

regards Gerald G. (Australia)

Amazon Best Seller!: The Vitamin C Foundation's Co-Founder has written

Practicing Medicine Without A License?

The Story of the Linus Pauling Therapy for Heart Disease
Copyright 2008 by Owen Fonorow.

Owen will answer questions about Vitamin C, Heart Disease and Cancer via email.

Owen's Web Site: The Pauling Therapy provides information about Vitamin C and Lysine for Cardiovascular Disease.

The "Suppressed" Pauling/Rath Paper: Unified Theory of Human Cardiovascular Disease Leading the Way to the Abolition of This Disease as a Cause for Human Mortality (1992)...

Early Pauling Lecture on the Heart Disease Discovery


Use at your own risk. Neither the FDA nor the Medical Profession accept the proposition put forth by Pauling, Rath, Levy and others that the root cause of cardiovascular disease is an acute vitamin C deficiency at the site of the arterial lesion.

Foundation Does Not Sell Vitamin C

The Foundation approves but does not technically "sell" vitamin C. Inteligent*Vitamin*C, Inc. (an Illinois corporation) is the company that actually markets our approved products. However, a portion of the proceeds from the sale of Vitamin C Foundation approved® fine vitamin C powders is used to fund Foundation research and activities.
Vitamin C Foundation Approved® is a registered trademark of the Vitamin C Foundation.
Quali-C® is a registered trademark of DSM Nutritional Products.
True-Liposomes™ is a trademark of The Vitamin C Foundation.
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Consider making a contribution to the nonprofit Vitamin C Foundation at the same time you place your order. As the Foundation is a recognized 501(c)(3), your donations are tax-deductible within the guidelines of U.S. law. Proceeds are used to fund this web site and the Foundation's initiatives.

"Well, I don't know that there is a need for a randomized prospective, double blind controlled trial when you get evidence of this sort, the value of large intakes of vitamin C and also of lysine for preventing the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques, and preventing death from cardiovascular disease." - Linus Pauling, 1993 Video: A Unified Theory

The Internet's best source of news and information about Vitamin C - ascorbic acid!


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